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10 Popular iOS Automation Testing Tools

April 16, 2017
automation testing, IOS testing, IOS automation, top IOS testing tool

According to a poll conducted by Statista in 2015, around 16% smartphone users use iOS-powered mobile devices, and the share is increasing every passing year. With over 2 million apps to choose from, users around the globe download different apps which suit their needs. So, to make sure that these apps are devoid of any major issue, they must be rigorously tested on all iOS supported devices. For this reason, mobile automation tools come handy. In this post, we would list 10 popular iOS automation testing tools used by testers around the globe to test different apps. Read on and find out what distinct features these tools have to offer.

1. UI Automation

website: https://developer.apple.com/reference

UI Automation is a Javascript library provided by Apple which can be used to automate iOS apps on Apple mobile devices. With this library, you can automate the functional testing of the application on emulators or on actual devices. You can even automate different user actions and also test the application with different device orientation. One of the shortcomings is that it is not an open-source library and you can’t integrate it with other tools in an effective manner.

2. XCTest

website: https://developer.apple.com/reference/xctest

You can use the XCTest framework to write unit tests, UI tests and performance tests for your iOS apps. You can easily integrate these tests with the XCode IDE and even use them for a TDD ( Test Driven Development ) development approach. You can perform different assertions and also monitor the performance of a code block using this framework. You can script your tests by either using Swift or Objective C. Such unit tests rigorously tests the basic structure of the application and helps in strengthening the core of the application.

3. KIF (Keep It functional)

website: https://github.com/kif-framework/KIF

KIF is a good alternative of UI Automation. Unlike UI Automation, it is a third party open-source framework and allows you to easily create automated tests by utilizing the accessibility feature of iOS meant for the visually impaired. KIF has the advantages of the XCode test navigator, its command line build tools, and Bot test reports. All the tests in KIF are written in Objective-C is easy to configure and use. It supports a wide range of iOS versions and can imitate different user actions.

4. FBSnapshotTestCase

website: https://github.com/facebook/ios-snapshot-test-case

FBSnapshotTestCase is a framework developed by Facebook to compare the UI of an application on iOS devices. The framework captures the actual screenshot of the app and compares it with an ideal screenshot at a granular level to ensure that the UI component is being rendered properly. Using this framework you can specifically point at the component or layer of the app that you want to capture and compare. In the case of any failure or mismatch detailed message and explanation is provided so that you can get to the root of the problem faster.

5. Frank

website: https://www.testingwithfrank.com/

Frank creates an interface which allows you to run Cucumber scripts on iOS devices. Using Frank, you can adopt BDD methodology (Behavior Driven Development ) and run your acceptance and tests using Cucumber. Thanks to BDD approach, all tests written in Frank are highly readable and can be used by the management team to understand current test coverage. Frank allows you to automate complex user interactions while allowing you to test the app for any security threats or loopholes.

6. OCmock

website: http://ocmock.org/

OCmock mocks your application by creating different stubs for each and every method invocation. This library creates a replica of the function being invoked and creates an object of the same. This object is tested against different user interactions and the returned values and operations are asserted to ensure the stability of the app. OCmock is a great library to verify Unit test cases. You can also play around with its implementation and create partial and dynamic mocks so that you can test the methods accordingly.

7. Appium

website: http://appium.io/

As mentioned in earlier posts, Appium is a free cross-platform mobile automation tool which allows you to perform functional and unit tests on real devices or simulators. Using Appium you can write you tests in any language of your choice and opt for any framework. It provides you a full access to the back-end APIs and databases thus allowing you to create quality scripts in less time. Setting up Appium is simple and is widely used by numerous test professionals worldwide.

8. Squish

website: https://www.froglogic.com

The Squish GUI Testing Tool for automated testing of all kinds of cross-platform desktop, mobile, embedded and web applications. It supports for Behavior Driven Development (BDD) & Integrations into Test Management and CI-Systems with Powerful and reliable object identification and verifications Froglogic announced its 2018 plans for releasing Test Automation Solutions driven by Artificial Intelligence.

9. OCUnit

website: https://developer.apple.com/library/content/documentation/DeveloperTools/Conceptual/testing_with_xcode/chapters/04-writing_tests.html

To test the functional features of an app you have to wait for a stable build. Until the developers ship such a build, you must make your way with unit test cases and make sure the model classes are working as expected and returning the expected output. And this where OCUnit comes into the picture. OCUnit is already integrated with XCode so you can start creating unit test cases without any extra efforts. Such tests can be used to perform the preliminary checks and also act as the first check-post to filter vulnerabilities.

10. Calabash

website: http://calaba.sh/

Calabash is a free open-source tool which can be used to automate different gestures on your native or web apps. With Calabash you can run your tests on actual devices or opt for emulators. In case assertions fail, you can take a snapshot of the failed step so that you can pinpoint the cause of error quickly. With the help of Xamarin test cloud, you can test your scripts on different iOS devices on the cloud. Calabash uses Cucumber thus making your tests extremely readable and easy to maintain.

11. MonkeyTalk

website: https://www.oracle.com/corporate/acquisitions/cloudmonkey/index.html

It is an open-source tool which allows you to automate tests for native, hybrid and mobile apps. It is a powerful tool and allows you to create basic smoke tests as well as data-driven complex test suites for end-to-end testing of the app. By adding the dependency of MonkeyTalkAgent, you can even create test scripts by simply recording your user actions and later playing it back to test your scripts on different devices or emulators. You can create scripts in MonkeyTalk using Eclipse IDE or Android Studio.

About the author

arindam bandyopadhyay author

Arindam Bandyopadhyay is an automation tester with over 5 years of experience in software testing. While during the day he juggles between Eclipse and spreadsheets, at night he lets his fingers do the talking as he writes about anything and everything his paradoxical mind desires.

1 Comment

Jaylon

May 23, 2017 at 5:55 am

Enjoyed both the post and the dialogue, but put my thoughts out there over on my site rather than occupy too much space here. Thanks for another interesting meal, Rich.

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